The fall of the Kingdom of Klungkung into the hands of the Dutch colonialists on April 28, 1908 has signaled the change of power in Bali into the territory of the Dutch colonial government. This situation made a change in governance in Bali from being somewhat closed to outsiders to becoming more open to Europeans, especially the Dutch during the European colonial period in Indonesia. All other foreign nations became more and more free to come to Bali. They consist of various layers of society who often bring Balinese souvenirs as souvenirs when they return to their country. This condition made the existence of Balinese cultural heritage threatened, thus causing Dutch scientists and culturalists as well as artists to try to prevent this and to preserve Balinese cultural heritage.

The development of Bali Museum is begun by the existence of initiative how to vitally the heritage of Balinese culture and taking care of, preserve and maintaining. The initiative is based on the existence of feeling to worry, that there is symptom a kind of culture erosion, so that the cultural heritage become totally disappeared, lose, what omit only photograph and documentations. An extraordinary experience in knowing about the life and culture of the Balinese people in the past here, enjoy information about Bali from the past to the present at the Bali Museum