Puri Ubud Bali, from the name of the place you can already imagine the location of Puri Ubud. It is a tourist spot in Bali that is of great interest to foreign and domestic tourists. Puri Ubud is one of the tour routes in Bali, by most tour package providers to Bali.
History of Ubud, Gianyar
The history of Ubud can be seen starting in the 8th century, because a historical record written on palm leaves, tells of a holy man who spread Hinduism from India. His name is Rsi Markandeya.
Before going to the island of Bali, Rsi Markandeya first visited the island of Java. When Rsi Markandeya was in Java, he found a singer. That at the foot of Mount Agung Besakih Bali, there are 5 types of sacred metals. Furthermore, currently at the foot of Mount Agung Besakih, is the location of the largest temple in Bali, named Pura Besakih.
Furthermore, when Rsi Markandeya was on the island of Bali, he felt great energy in the Campuhan Ubud area which is currently the location of the Gunung Lebah Temple. While he was in Bali, Rsi Markandeya also built several temples in other areas of Bali. Rsi Markandeya also introduced an irrigation system for agriculture in Bali and a terracing system.
This agricultural system is still used for agriculture on the island of Bali. Therefore, when you travel in Bali you will definitely see terraced rice fields. The center of the rice fields with a terracing system is in Jatiluwih Bali and the Tegalalang Rice Terraces in Ubud.
In addition to teaching the rice field irrigation system, Rsi Markandeya also taught the Banjar system, namely the local community organization system, which is responsible for the religion and cultural activities of the local community. Until now the Banjar system is still in use in all areas on the island of Bali.
Since the 8th century when Rsi Markandeya stated that there was a sacred and great energy in the Campuhan Ubud area, until now the Balinese is still highly respecting the Campuhan Ubud for its spiritual strength. The name Ubud comes from the word ubad (Balinese) which means medicine. Because around the Campuhan area of Ubud, many medicinal plants are found for traditional treatment.
History of Ubud Palace
When the Majapahit empire collapsed in the 15th century, there was a massive exodus of Javanese royalty migrating to the island of Bali. It was this nobleman from the island of Java who founded the Gelgel kingdom in Klungkung regency, a regency in the southeastern part of the island of Bali. It was this Gelgel kingdom that provided protection to nobles from Java who migrated to the island of Bali. Aristocrats from Java who brought the caste system to Bali.
Furthermore, in the 17th century many new kingdoms were founded on the island of Bali, one of which was in Ubud. Then, in the 17th century, many noble houses in Ubud were built which were named Puri. During this period, there were many wars between kingdoms in Bali, which fought over power over regional expansion.
A prince from the Gelgel Klungkung kingdom, was sent to the Sukawati village area to build a royal palace that had architectural beauty to be devoted to power in the Gianyar region. During the construction of the royal palace in Sukawati, many Balinese artists from various regions were sent to the Sukawati area to help build the palace. After the construction of the palace in Sukawati was completed, many of the artists chose to live in Sukawati. Therefore, until now, the Sukawati area has become one of the centers of art, both dance, painting, sculpture and music, and what is famous is the Sukawati art market.
After the success of building a palace in Sukawati, warriors from the Sukawati palace at the end of the 17th century were sent to Ubud, to protect Ubud, which often had conflicts. The conflict that occurred in Ubud at the end of the 17th century, between two cousins, one was in the Padang Tegal area of Ubud and the other one was in the Taman Ubud area, which is to the north of the Padang Tegal area, Ubud. The war between the two cousins made the king of Sukawati send his two brothers to secure the Ubud area.
The brother of King Sukawati was Tjokorde Ngurah Tabanan who was sent to the Peliatan Ubud area and Tjokorde Tangkeban to the Sambahan area of Ubud. The two brothers of the king of Sukawati then built palaces in their respective destinations with the aim of securing the Ubud area. After Tjokorde Ngurah Tabanan who built a kingdom in Peliatan Ubud. So Tjokorde Ngurah Tabanan, assisted by the King of Mengwi, filled the Ubud area with residents. With the increasing population in Ubud, the economy began to develop.
In the 19th century, the Dutch began to enter the island of Bali. Several kingdoms such as the Mengwi kingdom were unhappy with the presence of the Dutch in their area. Dutch ingenuity capable of provoking the old enemy of the Mengwi kingdom, to make an alliance to attack the Mengwi kingdom. Because it was attacked by many enemies, the Mengwi kingdom was completely exhausted. This made the territory of the Mengwi kingdom divided by the attacking alliance kingdoms.
The Dutch government began to interfere in political affairs in Bali in the early 19th century, by attacking the kingdoms of Badung, the kingdom of Buleleng and the kingdom of Klungkung. A big war ensued, this war in Bali is better known as Puputan. In the early 21st century under the reign of Tjokorde Gede Raka Sukawati, the Ubud area became a branch area of Sukawati. In 1981, Ubud was designated as a district in the Gianyar district. Ubud District covers the areas of the villages of Tegallalang, Peliatan, Mas and Kedewatan.
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History of Ubud Tourism
In the early 1930s, many foreign tourists came to Bali, especially visiting the Ubud area. Why only in Ubud? This was due to the ability of Tjokorde Gede Agung Sukawati who ruled Ubud (King Sukawati’s brother – Tjokorde Gede Raka Sukawati) in English and Dutch. Apart from that, because of the ability and knowledge of the king of Ubud in business. So a guest house was built for tourists to stay in Ubud. The development of Ubud tourism cannot be separated from the role of King Sukawati, the older brother of the King of Ubud who invited the painting artist Walter Spiers to Ubud to live and paint in Ubud.
The stay of Walter Spiers in Ubud has made it a trend among foreign artists to work in Ubud. Through this painting, Ubud began to be famous overseas. Because paintings by foreign painters depict life in Ubud, and foreign painters hold exhibitions of paintings abroad.
A painting association was founded by Tjokorde Gede Agung (king of Ubud), Walter Spies and Rudolf Bonnet, as well as several local artists who were named Pita Maha. The purpose of this painting association is to gather Balinese artists, to teach art to young people in the Ubud area. Therefore, until now, the tourist attraction of Ubud has become the center of museums in Bali. There are museums in Ubud, such as the Arma Museum Ubud and the Puri Paintings Museum in Ubud.
Map of Ubud Palace
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